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The Toyota Production System, a framework for conserving resources by eliminating waste, is considered the precursor to Lean Manufacturing. The two main concepts that drive “The Toyota Way” are Just-in-Time; only producing what is needed and not storing excess inventory and Jidoka; getting to immediate root cause when production runs into problems. This powerful combination is only possible by trusting and empowering employees to participate in the system.

Elisabeth Swan

Elisabeth is a Managing Partner & Executive Advisor at For over 25 years, she's helped leading organizations like Amazon, Charles Schwab and Starwood Hotels & Resorts build problem-solving muscles with Lean Six Sigma to achieve their goals.